Starting with the End in Mind

Starting with the end in mind has become a mantra for lesson planning.  Sometimes called “Backward Planning,” or “Lesson Design,” this technique is being exposed to teachers in professional development sessions for years. I first read about backward planning through Grant Wiggins and Jay McTighe’s work.

This is how I like to plan my units and lessons, too.  I start by thinking about the skills and information I want my students to learn.   When I introduce a new project to my class, I start with the end.  I tell them what I expect that they will be able to do at the end of the project.

Read the entire article by Dave Orphal on his blog “After the Bell”, at the Center for Teacher Quality at

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